The World’s 10 Most Beautiful Mosque Architecture
Mosques have existed for more than a millennium as places of worship for Muslims all around the world. To this day, the beauty and rich history of these sacred places continues to inspire visitors. We list 10 stunning mosques from all over the world that will take your breath away.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque
Robert Byron once said that the city of Isfahan in Iran was beautiful enough to rival Athens and Rome, yet due to its geographical distance from the Western world, it is seldom explored. It is the location of the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque built between 1602 and 1619 during the reign of Shah Abbas I, an architectural masterpiece and a multi-functional space that is also home to royal caravanserai, baths, a royal mint
Al Haram Mosque
Located in the city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia, the Sacred Mosque is perhaps one of the most prominent mosques in Islam as it is named by the Qur’an as the first house built for humanity’s worship of Allah. Not only is Al Haram the largest mosque in the world, but it is considered to be the holiest. Covering a colossal 400,800 square meters, it can accommodate up to four million people during Hajj, the annual Islamic pilgrimage and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims.
Al Aqsa Mosque
Situated in the UNESCO-listed Old City of Jerusalem, the Al Aqsa Mosque is a stunning structure that has been rebuilt several times throughout history. To this day, it remains the third holiest site in Islam for the belief that Muhammad was transported here from the Al Haram mosque in Mecca during the Night Journey, and then onto heaven. Every Friday, the building overflows with thousands of Muslim worshippers who make their prayers outside in the courtyards of the Noble Sanctuary.
Hassan II Mosque
The Hassan II Mosque is the largest in Morocco and the seventh largest in the world, occupying the Atlantic shoreline in Casablanca since 1993. Its minarets are the tallest in the world, at an epic 210 meters and are topped by a laser that shines a light towards Mecca. Inside, the walls are handcrafted out of smooth marble, and the glass floor allows visitors to gather a glimpse of the seabed in the main hall.
Making up an essential part of Istanbul’s skyline, the Blue Mosque boasts six needle-like minarets and is a must-see for anyone visiting the majestic city. It was built under the reign of the Ottoman ruler Ahmed I between 1609 and 1616 in a series of domes and half-domes. Alongside the beautifully arranged cascade of domes spilling down from the grand central dome, the ceiling gleams with 20,000 blue Iznik tiles featuring flowers, trees and abstract patterns.
The Ubudiah Mosque in the royal town of Kuala Kangsar is considered to be the most beautiful place of worship in Malaysia. It is comprised of four minarets and a golden dome, designed by British architect Arthur Benison Huback at the command of Sultan Idris Mushidul Azam Shah. The Sultan vowed to build a mosque of great beauty as thanksgiving for a recovery from an illness. Today, it is a symbol of great pride to all Muslims in the state of Perak.
Wazir Khan Mosque
Located in the northern city of Lahore in Pakistan, on one of the busiest roads in the area, the Wazir Khan Mosque has been standing since the 17th century and is one of the most important landmarks in the city. The mosque is graced, both inside and out, with fresco paintings and tiles, predominantly featuring colors of cobalt, cerulean blue, greens, oranges, yellows and purples. The view from the top overlooking the Kashmiri Bazaar is one of the most breathtaking vantage points in Lahore.
Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba
Within the heartlands of southern Spain, the Cordoba Mosque is one of the finest examples of Moorish architecture here. Although the building was originally a 6th century Catholic church, when the Islamic world spread to Spain in the 8th century, it became one of 300 European mosques built to rival the splendors of Constantinople and Damascus. Divided into Muslim and Christian halves in 711, it was converted back into a Roman Catholic Church in the 16th century.
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque
UAE’s capital is home to a brilliant white mosque that boasts the world’s largest hand-knotted carpet, created by over 12,000 artisans, and a 12-tonne crystal chandelier. Located in opulent Abu Dhabi, the Sheikh Zayed Mosque is a reflection of the religious tastes of the royal family. With a total of 82 domes and over 1,000 columns, the mosque’s grand beauty is also amplified by the reflective pools surrounding it.